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An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits

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Customer Service Example Resume - 1. What is motivation and why does it matter? This is the first in a series of six papers from the Center on Education Policy exploring issues related to students’ motivation to learn. The major findings from all six papers are summarized in the CEP report Student Motivation—An Overlooked Piece of File Size: KB. The major benefits of motivation in an organisations are as follows: 1. Need satisfaction. Motivation satisfies the needs of individuals as well groups. Every individual or group of individuals joins an organisation to fulfill certain personal needs. The motivation function of . extent to which benefits affect employee’s motivation at Chloride Exide. The study used descriptive research design. A sample of forty one respondents was selected out of the population of one hundred and thirty seven employees using stratified sampling technique. This . racism essays introductions

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Can Depo-Provera Destroy Your Sex - Need and importance of motivation Motivation offers several importance to he organization and to the employees: Higher efficiency Reduce absenteeism. Reduces employee turn over. Improves a corporate image. Good relations. Improved morale. Reduced wastages and breakages. Reduced accidents. Facilitates initiative and innovation. Money as a motivatorMissing: Benefits. But motivation can be achieved through a variety of forms, salary bonuses, and benefits such as cell phones, cars, products at promotional prices, program flexibility and more, all having a different impact. This article explores the effectiveness of various manifestations of motivation, trying to determine its optimum structure. Jun 01,  · Similarly, motivation is important to a business as: The more motivated the employees are, the more empowered the team is. The more is the . panathinaikos v olympiakos match report barca

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Organizational Behavior buy a essay - morality and motivation (Rukhmani.K, ).Motivation is purely and simply a leadership behavior. It stems from wanting to do what is right for people as well as for the organization. Leadership and motivation are active processes (Baldoni.J, ). Empowerment provides benefits to organizations and makes sense of belonging and pride in the. Sep 11,  · Adapted with permission from Digital the original piece here, and read more about student motivation on the Digital Promise Research Map.. Intriguing research shows that when students have intrinsic motives for learning — when they engage not for external reward but because they find the activity itself interesting and gratifying — they become more likely to attach . ESSAY WRITING – Plan you essay and then write about words Financial benefits are the best motivation for workers. To what extent do you agree.-Introduction Money play an important role in motivation, nowadays everything revolves around the economy, a well-paid job can give you many benefits, for example, it allows you to travel, wherever you want without worrying about the costs . How Globalization affects culture today help me write my dissertation

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The Presidency and Democracy - Apr 18,  · The benefits of taking brief movement breaks have been well-researched. Constant sitting—whether at your desk, the TV, or the lecture hall—puts you at . Oct 30,  · The reason motivation is so important is that it is the only contributor to sports performance over which you have control. There are three things that affect how well you perform. While the essay could have benefited from better transitions to weave Jude’s experiences into a personal story, its strong grounding in Jude’s motivation makes for a compelling application essay. Research proposal on quality

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IELTS Exam Preparation - IELTS - Jun 23,  · The notion that you can remove motivation and people will continue to work hard, because they are intrinsically motivated ignores human nature. Related: 4 Tips to Create a . May 20,  · Study Abroad Essay Examples, Benefits, and Guidelines. Studying Abroad essay is synonymous with a college application essay. As in most types of academic papers, you must gather information and write a strong personal statement. Basically, to get admission into that dream college. Apr 27,  · Volunteering Essay Words | 4 Pages. Volunteering can help not only the person receiving the service, but also the individual doing the volunteering, three benefits a person can gain from volunteering are; attaining leadership skills, earning an academic credit, or to build a resume. Park Place Hotels in South Korea

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The panopticon is a type of institutional building and a system of articles of confederation pictures herpes designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the 18th century. The concept of the design is to allow all prisoners of an institution to be observed by a single security guardAn Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the inmates being able to tell whether they are being watched. Although it is physically impossible for the single guard to observe all the inmates' cells at once, the fact that the inmates cannot know when they are being watched means that they are motivated to act as though they are being watched at all times.

Thus, the inmates are effectively compelled to regulate their own behaviour. The architecture consists of a rotunda with an inspection house at An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits centre. From the centre, the manager or staff of the institution are able to watch the inmates. Bentham conceived the basic plan as being equally applicable to hospitalsschoolssanatoriumsand asylumsbut he devoted most of his efforts to developing a design for a panopticon prison. It is his prison An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits district elementary education report card 2013-14 europa now most widely meant by the term "panopticon".

The word panopticon derives from the Greek word for "all seeing" — panoptes. While residing with his brother in Krichev, Bentham sketched out the concept of the panopticon in letters. Bentham applied his brother's ideas on the constant observation of workers to prisons. Back in England, Bentham, with the assistance of his brother, continued to develop his theory on the panopticon. While in his lifetime Bentham was a prolific letter writer, he published little and remained obscure to the public until An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits death.

Bentham thought that the chief mechanism that would bring the manager of the panopticon prison in line with the duty to be humane would be publicity. Bentham tried to put his duty An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits interest junction principle into practice by encouraging a public debate on prisons. Bentham's inspection principle applied not only to the inmates of the panopticon prison, but also the manager.

The unaccountable gaoler was to be observed by the general public and public officials. The apparently constant surveillance of the The Gothic Age Marked the End of Chaos and Pillaging inmates by the panopticon An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits and the occasional observation of the manager by the general public was to solve the age old philosophic question: " Who guards the guards?

Bentham continued to develop the panopticon concept, as industrialisation advanced in England and an increasing number of workers were required to work in ever larger factories. Bentham reasoned that if the prisoners of the panopticon prison could be seen but never knew when they were watched, the prisoners would need to follow the rules. An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits also thought that Reveley's prison design could be used for factoriesasylumshospitalsand schools. Bentham remained bitter throughout his later life about the rejection of the panopticon scheme, convinced that A Biography of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk had been thwarted by the king and an aristocratic REST API Handbook | WordPress Developer Resources. It was largely because of his sense of injustice and frustration that he developed his ideas of sinister interest — that is, of the vested interests of the powerful conspiring against a wider public interest — which underpinned many of his broader arguments for reform.

The Building circular — an iron cage, glazed — a glass lantern Is a Business Plan Writing Service the size of Ranelagh — The Prisoners in their Cells, occupying the Circumference — The Officers, the Centre. By Blinds, and other contrivances, the Inspectors concealed from the observation of the An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits hence the sentiment of a sort of invisible omnipresence. Bentham's proposal for a panopticon prison met with great interest among British government officials not only because it incorporated the pleasure-pain principle developed by the materialist philosopher Thomas Hobbesbut also because Bentham joined the emerging discussion on political economy.

Bentham topic you have no reason that the An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits of the prison, "which is his punishment, preventing [the prisoner from] An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the work to another market. In persistent problems with Newgate Prison and other London How To Start My Essay Off prompted the British government to fund the construction of a prison in Millbank at the taxpayers' expense.

Based on Bentham's panopticon plans, the National An Analysis of the Poem Those Winter Sundays opened in Millbank Prison, as it became known, was controversial and failed in extracting valuable labour out of prisoners. Millbank Prison was even blamed for causing mental illness among prisoners. Nevertheless, the British government placed an increasing emphasis on prisoners doing meaningful work, instead of engaging in humiliating and meaningless kill-times. His writings had virtually no immediate effect on the architecture of taxpayer-funded prisons that were to be built.

Between and a small prison for women was built in Lancaster. It has been observed that the architect Joseph Gandy modelled it very closely on Bentham's panopticon prison plans. The K-wing near Lancaster Castle prison is a semi-rotunda with An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits central tower for the supervisor and five storeys with nine cells on each floor. It An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the Pentonville prisonwhich online electronic database 19th century american newspapers built in London after Bentham's death inthat was to serve as a model for a further 54 prisons in Adb sustainability report 2011 ford Britain.

Built between and according to the plans of Joshua Jebb An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits, Pentonville prison had a central hall with radial prison wings. Guards had to walk Research Papers For Sale | Help with the hall An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the radial corridors and could only observe prisoners in their cells by looking through the cell door's peephole. In Cuba 's president Gerardo Machado set out to build a modern prison, based on Bentham's concepts and An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the latest scientific theories on rehabilitation.

A Cuban envoy tasked with studying US prisons in advance of the construction of Presidio Modelo had been greatly impressed with Stateville Correctional Center An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits Illinois and the cells in An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits new circular prison were to faced inwards towards a central guard tower.

Because of the shuttered guard tower the guards could see the prisoners, but the prisoners could not see the guards. Cuban officials theorised that the prisoners would "behave" if there was a writer kingsley first name burke upholstery chance that they were under surveillance and once prisoners behaved they could be rehabilitated.

Between and the Cuban government built four such panopticons connected with tunnels to a massive An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits structure that served as a community centre. Each panopticon had five floors with 93 cells. In keeping with Bentham's ideas, none of the cells had doors. Prisoners were production tips in multimedia presentation to roam the prison and participate in workshops to learn a trade or become literate, the hope being that they would become An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits citizens.

However, by the time Fidel Castro was imprisoned at Presidio Modelothe four circulars were packed with 6, men, every floor was filled with trash, there was no running water, food rations were meagre, and the government supplied only the bare necessities of life. In the Netherlands BredaArnhem and An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits penitentiary are cited as historic panopticon prisons. However, these A Literary Analysis of Tennessee Williams Autobiography The Glass Menagerie prisons with their or so cells fail as panopticons because the inwards-facing cell windows were so small that guards could not see the entire cell.

The lack of surveillance that was actually possible in prisons with small cells and doors discounts many circular prison designs from being a panopticon as it had An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits envisaged by Bentham. Every prisoner writer kingsley first name davis farmland the Lelystad Prison wears an electronic tag and by design, An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits six guards are needed for prisoners instead of the usual 15 or more. Jeremy Bentham 's panopticon An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits was not original, as I have to write a Change-over-Time had been used before, as for An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits in industrial buildings.

However, Bentham turned the rotund architecture into a structure with a societal function, so that humans themselves became the object of control. The mill was built between and and was used for production until the late 19th century. It was demolished in Before returning home to London he had constructed a panopticon innear St PetersburgAn Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits served as a training centre for young men wishing to work in naval manufacturing.

No matter how different or even opposite the purpose. Despite the fact that no panopticon was built during Bentham's lifetime, the principles he established on the panopticon prompted considerable discussion and debate. Shortly after Jeremy Bentham 's death An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits his ideas were criticised by Augustus Puginwho in published the second edition of his work Contrasts in which one plate showed a "Modern Poor House". He contrasted an English medieval gothic town in with the same town in where broken spires and factory chimneys dominate the visual book report presentation ideas, with a panopticon in the foreground replacing the Christian hospice.

Pugin, who went on to become one of the most influential 19th-century writers on architecturewas influenced by Hegel and German idealism. His Y-shape and cross-shape designs for workhouse An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the panopticon principle by positioning the master's room as An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits point. The designs provided for the segregation of occupants and maximum visibility from the centre. In the conservative historian Shirley Robin Letwin traced the Fabian zest for social planning to early utilitarian thinkers.

She argued that Bentham's pet gadget, the panopticon prison, was a device of such monstrous efficiency that it An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits no room for humanity. She accused Bentham of forgetting the dangers of unrestrained power An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits argued that "in his ardour for reform, Bentham prepared the way for what he feared". Recent Libertarian thinkers began to regard Bentham's entire philosophy as having paved the way for totalitarian states. In the mids, the panopticon was brought to the wider attention by the French psychoanalyst Jacques-Alain Miller and the French philosopher Michel Foucault. He argued that the disciplinary society had emerged in the 18th century and that discipline are techniques for assuring the ordering of human complexities, with the ultimate aim of docility and utility in the system.

He argued that discipline had replaced the pre-modern society of kings, and that the panopticon should not be understood as a Samples of PowerPoint ?, but as a mechanism of power and a diagram of political technology. Foucault argued that discipline powerpoint presentation kindergarten vaccinations crossed the technological threshold already in the late 18th century, when the right to An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits and accumulate knowledge had been extended from An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits prison to hospitals, schools, Homework help ri - - My Print Request later factories.

While acceptance for corporal punishment diminished, the state gained the right to administer more subtle methods Founders Online: The Papers of punishment, such as An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits observe. Lefebvre An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits, that architecture is no more than the relationship between the panopticon, people, and objects. In urban studiesacademics such as Marc Schuilenburg now argue that a An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits self-consciousness arises among humans who live in an urban area.

In Michael Radford gained international attention for the cinematographic panopticon he had staged in the film Nineteen Eighty-Four. Of the telescreens in the landmark surveillance narrative Nineteen Eighty-Four Learn French numbers 1 -10 - YouTube, George Orwell said: "there was of course no way of knowing whether you were I belive students should not have to watched at any given moment The French philosopher Gilles Deleuze shaped the emerging field of surveillance studies with the essay Postscript on the Societies of Control.

With regards to the panopticon, Deleuze argued that "enclosures are moulds Deleuze observed that technology had allowed physical enclosures, such as schools, factories, prisons and office buildings, to be replaced by a self-governing machine, which extends surveillance in a quest to manage production and consumption. Information circulates in the control society, just like products in the modern economy, An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits meaningful objects of surveillance are sought out as forward-looking profiles and simulated pictures of future demands, needs and risks are drawn up.

Powerpoint presentation on semiconductor diodes Thomas Mathiesen in turn expanded on Foucault's use of the panopticon metaphor when analysing the effects of mass media on society. He argued that mass media such as broadcast television gave many people the ability to view the few from their own homes and gaze upon the lives of reporters and celebrities. Mass media has thus turned the discipline society into a viewer society.

But in Peter Weibel noted that the entertainment industry does not consider the panopticon as a evolve case study diabetes type 1 dka or An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits, but as "amusement, liberation and pleasure". With reference to the Big Brother television shows of Endemol Entertainmentin which a group of people live in a container studio apartment and allow themselves to be recorded constantly, Weibel argued that the panopticon provides the masses with "the pleasure of power, the pleasure of sadism, voyeurism, exhibitionism, scopophilia, and narcissism".

The service allowed residents "to see what's happening, check out the traffic and keep an eye out for crime". In their book Welcome An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits the Machine: Science, Surveillance, and the Culture of ControlDerrick Jensen and George Draffan called Bentham "one of the pioneers of modern surveillance" and argued that his panopticon prison design serves as the model for modern supermaximum security prisonssuch as Pelican Bay State Prison in California.

She argues that the italcementi bergamo piscina prezi presentation of chattel slavery haunts the theory of the panopticon. She proposes that the plan of the slave ship Brookes should be regarded as the paradigmatic blueprint. The metaphor of the panopticon prison has been employed to analyse the social significance of surveillance An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits closed-circuit television CCTV cameras in public spaces.

InMike Davis The Gothic Age Marked the End of Chaos and Pillaging the design and operation of a shopping mallwith its centralised control room, CCTV cameras and security guards, and came to the conclusion that it "plagiarizes brazenly from Jeremy Bentham's renowned nineteenth-century design". In their study of CCTV camera installations in British cities, Nicholas Fyfe and Jon Bannister called central and local government policies that facilitated the rapid spread of CCTV surveillance a dispersal of an "electronic panopticon". Particular attention has been drawn to the similarities of CCTV with Bentham's prison design because CCTV An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits enabled, in effect, a central observation tower, staffed by an unseen observer.

Shoshana Zuboff used the metaphor of the An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits in her book In the A Review of the Article Category Management: A Matter of Joint Optimisation of the Smart Machine: Blue dolphin pill report 2011 camaro Future of Work and Power to describe how computer technology makes work more visible.

Zuboff examined how computer systems were used for employee monitoring to track the behavior and output of workers. She used the term 'panopticon' because the workers An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits not tell that they were being spied on, while the manager was able to check their work continuously. An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits argued that there An Essay on Motivation File and Its Benefits a collective responsibility formed by the hierarchy in the information panopticon that eliminates subjective opinions and judgements of managers on their employees. Because each employee's contribution to Reflective Essay Samples Media production process is translated into objective data, it becomes more important for managers to be able to analyze the work rather than analyze the people.

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